Thyroid Cancer – At Home Self Check To check your thyroid for unusual growths—benign or cancerous—all you’ll need is a cup of water and a mirror that allows you a good view of your neck. Throat cancer is a general term often used to describe squamous cell carcinomas that occur in the skin and mucous membranes of the throat and neck. you may then get any of these tests: * during … The disease can affect the vocal cords, the voice box (larynx) or the esophagus. your doctor will first ask about your symptoms and do a physical exam, feeling for lumps in your throat. Throat cancer refers to cancer of the voice box, vocal cords, and other parts of the throat, such as the tonsils and the oropharynx. The death rate for oral cancer is higher than for any other type of cancer, including malignant melanoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, and cervical and thyroid cancers. How to Check for Throat Cancer Symptoms. Oral cancer is something that most people, including doctors and dentists, don't think about on a regular basis.